1842 <#英國政府成立了「城鎮健康協會」,肩負改善人民生活條件及解決各項城市健康問題的責任。::The British Government set up The Health of Town Association to assume the task of improving people’s living conditions and addressing health problems in the cities.#>
1977 <#第三十屆世界衞生大會發表了《亞拉木圖宣言》,宣言指出所有政府、世界組織以至所有健康促進者均需儘快推動健康概念、並保衛所有人民的健康。::The 30th World Health Assembly issued the Alma-Ata Declaration, expressing the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world.#>
1980 <#歐洲多國採納了「全民健康」的原則,重點在於健康方面追求平等和社會公理的訴求,以及人人得享健康的基本權利。::European countries adopted the “Health for All” principles. Focuses were on the need for equity and social justice in health, and the fundamental right of every human being to health.#>
1984 <#多倫多舉行「跨越健康護理」會議,與會者討論了健康城市的構想。策略是利用廣泛的公眾參與及多界別的協作,從而全面解決涉及整個城市的問題。::The idea of Healthy Cities was discussed in the “Beyond Health Care” conference in Toronto. Its tactics were based on wide community participation and broad intersectoral involvement, in order to resolve city-wide issues in a holistic manner.#>
1986 <#世界衞生組織(下稱「世衞」)於「第一屆全球健康促進會議」中發表的《渥太華健康促進憲章》獲得採納,健康城市運動亦正式推出。::The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion was adopted in the World Health Organization’s first International Conference on Health Promotion. The Healthy Cities movement was officially launched.#>

<#憲章中訂定的五項原則為:(一)建立健康的公共政策;(二)創造支持促進健康的環境;(三)加強社區參與;(四)發展個人技巧;及(五)重整衞生服務。::Health Promotion Action:
(1) Build healthy public policy
(2) Create supportive environments
(3) Strengthen community action
(4) Develop personal skills
(5) Reorient health services#>
1988 <#《阿得雷德宣言》闡明,地區行動需要當地政府在政治上支持和承擔,重訂政策方向,以朝向平等、促進健康和預防疾病的目標發展。::As spelt out in the Adelaide Declaration, local action needs political support and commitment from local governments to reorient policies towards achieving equity, health promotion and disease prevention, in other words, a new approach to public health.#>
1993 <#首屆「國際健康城市會議」在三藩市舉行。同年,世衞成立了區域層面的「健康規劃辦事處」。::The first International Healthy Cities Conference was held in California. Meanwhile, WHO established “Healthy Cities Planning Offices” at regional levels.#>
2004 <#「西太平洋區健康城市聯盟」在世衞西太平洋地區辦事處的支持下成立,目的是推動成員城市之間的互相支持和合作。::In the Western Pacific region, the “Alliance for Healthy Cities” was launched with support from WHO WPRO to promote support and cooperation among member cities.#>
2007 <#「西太平洋區健康城市聯盟中國香港支部」在香港十八區的攜手合作下成立。目的為促進十八區的經驗交流,並加強香港整體與國際間的聯繫,從而推動區內區外「健康城市」的發展。::The Hong Kong Chapter, Western Pacific Region Alliance for Healthy Cities was established under the collaboration of the 18 districts in Hong Kong. This is to enhance sharing of experiences among the districts and strengthen Hong Kong’s connections in the international setting, which in turn drives the development of “Healthy Cities”.#>
 

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